Bhimrao Ambedkar – Biography, Education, Quests & Books
In this article, you will get all about B. R. Ambedkar (Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar) biography, DOB & Birth Place, Career & Education, Early Life & Personal Life, Books, quotes, Achievements, Awards, and Death.
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Quick Facts Of B. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891
Mhow in Central Provinces (Dr. Ambedkar Nagar, Indore district, Madhya Pradesh, India)
Ramabai Ambedkar (m. 1906), Savita Ambedkar (m. 1948)
Ramji Maloji Sakpal
Himabai Ramji Sakpal
Rajgruha, Dadar, Mumbai, 26 Alipur Road, New Delhi
Indian Constitution, Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development, Learn more.
B.A. (1913), M.A. (twice, 1915 & 1916), Ph.D. (1916, awarded in 1927), M.Sc. (1921), Barrister-at-law (1922), D.Sc. (1923), LL.D. (1952, hon.), D.Litt. (1953, hon.)
Bharat Ratna (posthumously in 1990)
6 December 1956 (aged 65)
Place of Death
Delhi, New Delhi, India
Cause of Death
Hindu By Birth, Buddhism 1956 onwards
Politics & Philanthropy
Independent Labour Party, Scheduled Castes Federation, Republican Party of India
B. R. Ambedkar
Today we are going to discuss a great person named Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. Doesn’t matter whether the person is alive or not but being an Indian we all must surely remember the great identities who have done a lot of things for the improvement of our society and welfare.
Do you know who Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was? No? Just keep reading the biography and you would get to know everything about this personality-
Who Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was?
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is the full name of him, but a very few people are aware of this fact. Also, he is known as Babasaheb Ambedkar. He was a famous social reformer as well as a politician.
Due to his efforts towards Indian society, he is still alive in the hearts of great Indians. He is still known as the Father of Indian Constitution because of his efforts and hard work behind its successful framing.
He was the man who has done a lot to cut off all the social evils prevailing in the society including-
- Caste restrictions
- The exploitation of backward groups and Dalits etc
Early Life and Childhood of Bhimrao Ambedkar
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891in Mhow Army Cantonment, Central Provinces of Madhya Pradesh. His parent’s name was was Bhimabai and Ramji.
It might be possible that you might be already aware a lot about this great personality but only a few of you guys may know about his childhood life, right? He was a person who has also faced a lot of scenarios and troubles in his life which are as follows-
- His family shifted to Satara after the retirement of his father who was a Subedar in the Indian Army.
- After this retirement and the movement of his family, his mother just passed away.
- Bhimrao’s father then got married again to complete the family and moved to Bombay.
- At that time, the age of Bhimrao was just 15 years and he suddenly got married to Ramabai (9-years old girl).
- Father of Bhimrao then passed away in 1912.
These were the minor troubles; his family also faced a drastic phase of untouchability and caste discrimination.
The people belong to the upper class usually treat Bhimrao’s family as untouchable.
This discrimination was getting increased day by day due to which the school teachers separated Bhimrao Ambedkar from the other students and he was made to sit separately from other students outside the class campus.
This was the situation of the Army School. Later, Ambedkar got admission in one of the local school once he shifted to Satara.
Even after this, the fate of little Bhimrao had no changes. According to a famous dictum, if there is sorrow then surely, you would get happiness too.
He was then appointed as the Defence Secretary to the King of Baroda after returning from the US but again he was humiliated because of untouchability.
Career & Education of B. R. Ambedkar
The bright student of that time, Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his matriculation from Elphinstone High School in 1908 after which he got an amazing opportunity to get enrolled in Elphinstone College.
He completed his graduation degree neither in Science stream nor from commerce, he did graduation (specialized) in Economics and Political Science.
Don’t you want to know from which university he did his graduation? He completed this degree from Bombay University in the year, 1912.
Whatever humiliation he had faced but he did not lose his hope and grabbed a scholarship amount of Rs. 25 per month.
Bhimrao Ambedkar was offered this scholarship from Gaekwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III.
He then moved to the USA for his further studies with the help of this scholarship and completed the Master’s degree in the year 1915 from Columbia University, New York.
All these activities made him capable of completing his thesis – “Ancient Indian Commerce”.
This was not the end, he then started working on his doctoral thesis – “The problem of the rupee” from the London School of Economics.
His hard efforts then made him a professor of political economy. He became a professor at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay.
After saving some money, he then moved to England in 1920 for his further studies, i.e., to complete D.Sc. from London University.
He completed his Ph.D. Degree in Economics in the year, 1927. After this, in the same year, he was awarded an honorary Doctorate by the University of Columbia on 8th June 1927.
Personal Life and Legacy
People don’t know so much about the personal life of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar but yes, it was quite complicated. He got married to Ramabai in 1912 at the age of 15 only.
Even both had a son named as Yashwant, but his fate again made him stressed when his wife passed away in 1935 due to a long illness.
Not only this, but Bhimrao was also struggling with sleeping disorders and neurotic pains. He changed his religion to Buddhism and founded the BharatiyaBauddhaMahasabha (Buddhist Society of India) in around 1955.
His book – “The Buddha and his Dhamma” was published in 1956. Later on, diseases started covering him from all around, his eyesight started becoming weaker and he became a diabetic patient.
He then died on 6th December 1956 but still after death, he was awarded Bharat Ratna as the Highest Civilian Honour of India.
His Achievements of Bhimrao Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar was a personality who fought against this caste discrimination by opening a separate electoral system for the sufferers.
He started having discussions with the general public to make them understand the possible consequences of promoting or supporting social evils.
Then Bhimrao Ambedkar launched a newspaper named “Mooknayaka” and started his legal career. He started fighting cases against caste discrimination to improve the social conditions all around.
All his efforts made him capable of launching several movements for the rights of Dalits and other backward castes.
Only because of his fights and struggles, Dalits got open sources for drinking water and permission for entering temples without any hesitation or humiliation.
This was not an end of his achievements, he then founded an Independent Labor Part in 1936 and 15 seats were won by his party in the 1937 elections.
He was then appointed as the first Law Minister and Chairman of India and the Viceroy Executive Council as Minister for Labor based on his achievements and hard efforts.
How did he help in the framing of the Indian Constitution?
Bhimrao Ambedkar was a person who was appointed as the chairman of the committee responsible for constitution framing in August 1947.
He focused and introduced a proposal of creating a bridge between all societal classes to maintain the unity of the entire country.
He focused on some particular areas such as gender equality, caste equality, and religions.
Ambedkar got a lot much of support through the Assembly for promoting the reservation system for Scheduled Tribes and scheduled castes in all sectors such as civil services, government jobs, and education department, etc.
Some Facts about Bhimrao Ambedkar
A simply written biography can tell you a lot of things about a particular person you may want to know about but still, several things may be left behind which you might not even know ever.
Here are some of the unknown facts about this great personality-
- You can’t even guess that Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar played a vital role in the establishment and development of Reserve Bank of India in 1935
- He lost the Lok Sabha Elections twice even after trying his best
- He focused on reducing the regular working hours for the employees from 14 to 8
- To develop better governance, he focused on the division of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh
- He also tried sponsoring Sanskrit as the official language of the entire Indian Union
- He was totally against Article 370 because under this article, there were some special permissions and provisions for Jammu and Kashmir state
- Columbia University used his autobiography named as “Waiting for a Visa” as a textbook for their students
- Not only RBI but B. R. Ambedkar also played a key role in forming the National Employment Exchange Agency in India
- He was the very first person who completed his doctorate overseas
About his death
As you have read above, Bhimrao Ambedkar was also suffering from some serious health hazards such as diabetes and weaker eyesight due to which he died on 6th December in the year 1956.
He was at his residence in Delhi when he took his last breath.
Doesn’t matter whether he is no more now but he was the person who is still present everywhere because he has created his presence in the hearts of millions of Indians.
Even now, thousands of supporters, promoters, and admirers of Bhimrao Ambedkar are there who can surely make you feel that yes, he was seriously an amazing personality who did a lot of efforts to bring a positive and remarkable transformation to this Indian Society.
List of books written by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
There are some important books which are written by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, he published many books on the different stage of his life.
Although Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar shared his ideology and thinking about society and society blind culture through the books.
you can learn many things about Indian society through his books. List of books written by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is given below-
|1.||Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development||1916|
|2.||Mook Nayak (weekly)||1920|
|3.||The Problem of the Rupee: Its origin and its solution||1923|
|4.||Bahishkrut Bharat (India Ostracized)||1927|
|6.||The Annihilation of Caste||1936|
|7.||Federation Versus Freedom||1939|
|8.||Thoughts on Pakistan||1940|
|9.||Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah||1943|
|10.||Mr. Gandhi and Emancipation of Untouchables||1943|
|11.||What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables||1945|
|12.||Pakistan Or Partition Of India||1945|
|13.||State and Minorities||1947|
|14.||Who were the Shudras||1948|
|15.||Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province||1948|
|17.||Buddha Or Karl Marx||1956|
|18.||The Buddha and his Dhamma||1957|
|19.||Riddles in Hinduism||2008|
|20.||Manu and the Shudras||–|
Everyone has dreams but some may have dreams for his family, some may have the same for his own but Bhimrao Ambedkar was a person who dreamed only for his country and made all his dreams come true by adopting the path of truth and hard work.
This is all about the great personality, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. In this autobiography, you might have grabbed the complete knowledge about him. He proved the famous dictum, “Don’t think about the consequences and just do your Karmas”.
I hope this article about Bhimrao Ambedkar is helpful for you to know more about him and his respected achievements for society.